Last edited by Tukinos
Wednesday, November 18, 2020 | History

4 edition of Epidemiology of essential hypertension among various ethnic groups in Yugoslavia found in the catalog.

Epidemiology of essential hypertension among various ethnic groups in Yugoslavia

Vladan JosipovicМЃ

Epidemiology of essential hypertension among various ethnic groups in Yugoslavia

methodology

by Vladan JosipovicМЃ

  • 335 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by Delta Press in Belgrade .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Yugoslavia.,
  • Yugoslavia
    • Subjects:
    • Essential hypertension -- Yugoslavia.,
    • Medical screening -- Yugoslavia -- Methodology.,
    • Medical screening -- Yugoslavia -- Forms.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementVladan Josipović, Đorđe Kozarević, Richard H. Thurm.
      ContributionsKozarević, Đorđe, joint author., Thurm, Richard H., joint author., Institute of Chronic Diseases and Gerontology. Center for Hypertension.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRC685.H8 J67
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxiii, 54 p. :
      Number of Pages54
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4285224M
      LC Control Number78311846


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Epidemiology of essential hypertension among various ethnic groups in Yugoslavia by Vladan JosipovicМЃ Download PDF EPUB FB2

It has been stated that population differences may be a key factor influencing blood pressure [1].Yugoslavia is a nation of diverse cultures. The Yugoslavia Cardiovascular Disease Study contained populations from two of these cultures. The object of the present report is to present data on blood pressure for two geographic regions of by: 1.

The ACC/AHA hypertension guidelines lowered the blood pressure threshold for diagnosis of stage I hypertension to / mm Hg. 1 This change resulted in a substantial increase in the prevalence of hypertension from ~32% to ~46% in the United States (US) adult population.

2 Although the new guidelines comprehensively address how to define, measure, and. Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in Ghana.

This study examines the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among Ghanaian aged 15–49 years. This cross-sectional study retrieved data from the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS).

The sample, comprising Epidemiology of essential hypertension among various ethnic groups in Yugoslavia book 13, respondents aged Cited by:   Hypertension (HTN) has been a primary focus of these initiatives due to the significant contribution of HTN as a risk factor for CVD and its role in CVD racial/ethnic disparities.

HTN is common among various racial/ethnic groups, in particular non-Hispanic blacks and certain groups of : Carlos J. Rodriguez. Background. Hypertension is the fourth-largest contributor to premature death in industrialized countries and the seventh in developing countries [1–3].The increasing prevalence of hypertension in developing countries could be the result of factors like urbanization, population aging, unhealthy dietary habits, and social stress [].In several industrialized countries, ethnic differences in Cited by: 8.

Pathogenesis. Progress in understanding the pathogenesis of hypertension has been slow because essential hypertension is extremely complex at a molecular level.1 Conversely, hypertension exists in only two broad physiological types.

This has been long predictable in theory from Poiseuille's law (that blood pressure is the product of vasoconstriction and volume) and supported in. Worldwide, large differences exist in the prevalence of hypertension and hypertension-mediated complications, both along geographic boundaries and between different ethnic groups.

Urbanization and dietary changes have led to a genuine increase in hypertension prevalence in many low- and middle-income countries, whereas migration has been associated with disparities in hypertension prevalence. The prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension was % and % respectively.

Elevated random blood glucose levels were found in 6% of participants while % had at least 1+ of. Hypertension remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and significantly impacts the risk of all major cardiovascular events, including stroke, sudden cardiac death, coronary heart disease, heart failure, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and peripheral vascular disease.

Important advances in our understanding of its pathophysiology contributed to clarifying the complex. In the midst of economic hardship, Yugoslavia was facing rising nationalism among its various ethnic groups. By the early s, there was no effective authority at the federal level. The Federal Presidency consisted of the representatives of the six republics, two provinces and the Yugoslav People's Army, and the communist leadership was.

Hypertension affects approximately one third of adults in the United States and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality.

1 The prevalence of hypertension increases with age and is higher among blacks compared with whites and Hispanics at all ages. 2,3 Previous data suggest that blacks have higher blood pressure levels than whites beginning in childhood.

4,5 In. Hypertension, currently defined as a blood pressure > mm Hg (systolic) and/or > 90 mm Hg (diastolic), is a common problem. In a western adult population the prevalence of hypertension exceeds 20%. 1 The prevalence of hypertension increases with age and is higher in ethnic minority groups in the UK.

In the Health Survey for England () the prevalence of hypertension was % in those. The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans is among the highest of any racial/ethnic group in the world 1; an estimated million have hypertension.

2 Compared to whites, hypertension in blacks is more prevalent, more severe, has an onset earlier in life, and is linked to a higher burden of target organ injury. 1 Accordingly, this. Prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 18 and over, by sex and age: United States, – Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and.

Persistent disparities in hypertension, CKD, and associated cardiovascular disease have been noted in the United States among racial/ethnic minority groups.

Overall, these disparities are largely mediated by social determinants of health. Yet, emerging data suggest additional biologic factors in racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension prevalence, complications, particularly CKD, and. The prevalence of hypertension varies among different racial and ethnic groups, but no race has been found to be genetically resistant to its development.

Contrary to the general trend, over 20 isolated populations have been described that are virtually free of hypertension and show no age-related upward trend in blood pressure. The increased prevalence of hypertension (HTN) and subsequent morbidity and mortality among people of African descent in the United Kingdom (UK) as compared to other ethnic groups has been well.

INTRODUCTION. Hypertension is an important determinant of ethnic disparities in health. The prevalence of hypertension is considerably higher among black African and Caribbean individuals than among white individuals, 1, 2 and the hypertension-associated risk of cardiovascular disease may be accentuated in South Asian individuals.

3 High-quality management of hypertension is especially. 1. Introduction. The prevalence of non-communicable disorders (NCD) is rising in alarming proportions in India.

1 Hypertension is a common NCD that affects more than 70 million patients in India and is the leading cause of the cardiovascular deaths and disability. 2 There is a rise in the prevalence of hypertension in both urban and rural areas during the last few decades.

3 Rapid. Essential hypertension is typically diagnosed by screening of an asymptomatic individual. Treatment of uncontrolled hypertension reduces the risks of mortality and of cardiac, vascular, renal, and cerebrovascular complications. Lifestyle changes are recommended for all patients: weight loss, exer.

Globally, hypertension remains the leading risk factor for incident cardiovascular disease. 1 However, the prevalence of hypertension varies significantly across different ethnic groups and along geographic boundaries.

In high income countries, various studies have shown significant differences in blood pressure and the prevalence of hypertension across ethnic minority groups. 2 –4 The. The WHO African Region has the highest prevalence of hypertension (27%) while the WHO Region of the Americas has the lowest prevalence of hypertension (18%).

A review of current trends shows that the number of adults with hypertension increased from million in to billion inwith the increase seen largely in low- and middle.

Hypertension Epidemiology Hypertension is the most common risk factor for cardio-vascular disease (CVD) affecting nearly 78 million adults in the United States.1,2 Moreover, this important and modifiable contributor to excess CVD morbidity and mortality affects approximately one-third of US adults,1 and the prevalence is even higher among.

Inclusion of this group in the estimate of hypertension prevalence would have resulted in the addition of % of the population, for an overall hypertension prevalence estimate of %.

This equates to a prevalence estimate of 49 hypertensive people in the adult, civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States.

The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) included US Hispanics aged 45–84 years of various ancestries. 15 Among Hispanic MESA participants, the age-adjusted hypertension prevalence was % in Mexicans, % in Puerto Ricans, % in Dominicans, and % in those of other Hispanic/Latino ancestries.

These percentages were higher. Hypertension, which affects nearly one third of adults in the United States, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke (1), and only approximately half of those with hypertension have their hypertension under control (2).The prevalence of hypertension is highest among non-Hispanic blacks, whereas the prevalence of antihypertensive medication use is lowest among Hispanics (1).

The age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 34%, %, and % for men and 31%, 21%, and % for women among blacks, whites, and Mexican Americans, respectively. NHANES III reported the prevalence of hypertension was 12% for white men and 5% for white women aged years. However, the age-related BP rise for women exceeds that of men.

Researchers found that among this group of overweight or obese adults, percent had a diagnosis of hypertension. The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was: percent among African. Prevalence in Canada remains lower than in other westernized countries. 26 The prevalence of hypertension in adults is 30% in the United States and England,26, 27 and % in China.

28 The progressive rise in hypertension prevalence that has occurred over the past 2 decades likely stems from 3 major factors—a rise in the number of cases. Abstract Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide.

Prior topopulation data suggest that hypertension prevalence was decreasing; however, recent data suggest that it is again on the rise. In –, % of the U.S. population had hypertension.

Hypertension prevalence has also been increasing in other countries, and an estimated million people in. Essential hypertension rarely is found in children younger than 10 years and is a diagnosis of exclusion. Significant risk factors for essential hypertension include. men and women, younger and older adults, different racial and ethnic groups, and different countries; and applies to those with high-normal blood pressure as well as those with hypertension.1F,3F Despite progress in prevention, detection, treatment and control of high blood pressure, hypertension remains an important public health problem.

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, accounting for % of all strokes in Africa compared with % in the industrialized region [].The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that its African Region had the highest age-standardized prevalence of adult hypertension in the world in (% in men and % in women) [].

The increase in the prevalence of hypertension by race and sex between the age groups of years of age and >70 years of age was from to percent in black men, from to percent in black women, from to percent in Mexican-American men, from to percent in Mexican-American women, from to percent in non.

sion and hypertension treatment among white, African American, Chinese, and Hispanic ethnic groups. Results:The prevalence of hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) mm Hg and diastolic BP 90 mm Hg or self-reported treatment for hyperten-sion, was significantly higher in African Americans com.

The prevalence of essential hypertension has continued to increase worldwide, and its consequences have remained a growing concern. A number of sociodemographic and clinical variables may however serve as key determinants of the extent to which it is associated with psychiatric comorbidity as well as impairment of quality of life.

The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the. Does hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, or diabetes vary. by race/ethnicity. The prevalence of diagnosed or undiagnosed hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes varies by racial/ethnic group (Figure 1).

Key findings • Forty-five percent of adults. had at least one of three diagnosed or undiagnosed chronic conditions—hyper. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis also found lower hypertension prevalence among Mexican Americans than among other Hispanic subgroups.

[10] Inthe New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES), modeled after NHANES, measured blood pressure in a population-based sample of adults in New York City aged 20 or.

Prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 18 and over, by sex and race and Hispanic origin: United States, ‐ 1 Significant difference from non‐Hispanic Asian. 2 Significant difference from non‐Hispanic white. 3 Significant difference from Hispanic.

4 Significant difference from women in same race and Hispanic origin group. Note: Estimates are age‐adjusted by the direct.

In: Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Blacks, edited by Fray JCS, Douglas JG. New York: Springer,p. 25– doi: /_2. Crossref Google Scholar; Grollman A. A conjecture about the prevalence of essential hypertension and its high incidence in the black.

Tex Rep Biol Med 25–32, PubMed Google Scholar. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) spanning show a hypertension prevalence of % among those aged 18 and older (see the following image).

The following image shows prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 18 and over, by sex and age: United States.Hypertension occurs in approximately 8–10% of pregnancies. Two blood pressure measurements six hours apart of greater than /90 mm Hg are diagnostic of hypertension in pregnancy.

High blood pressure in pregnancy can be classified as pre-existing hypertension, gestational hypertension, or pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a serious condition of the second half of pregnancy and following.hypertension prevalence. We also exam-ine whether racial/ethnic group mem-bership has a moderating influence on the effect of depression, wherein the detrimental influence of depression on hypertension is stronger in certain racial/ethnic groups than others (Fig-ure 1).

By examining whether and how depression contributes to racial/ethnic.